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Parts of Speech (Detailed Description : The Preposition)

The Preposition
1. The book was on the table.
2. The pen is in my hand.
3. The dog is standing at the door.
ऐसे शब्द जो दो Noun या Pronoun के बीच स्थान-विषयक संबंध बतलावें Preposition कहे जाते हैं।
Definition–A Preposition is a word which shows the relation between two things in regard to their position.
हिन्दी में 'को', 'में', 'से', 'के लिए', 'पर' इत्यादि विभक्तियां दो वस्तुओं के संबंध को बतलाती है। परन्तु जिन अर्थों में अंग्रेजी के Preposition प्रयुक्त होते हैं, कहीं-कहीं उनसे भिन्न अर्थ में विभक्तियां हिन्दी में आती हैं। यही कारण है कि Preposition के प्रयोग में हिन्दी-भाषी विद्यार्थी भूल करते हैं।
At, in
At और in दोनों के लिए हिन्दी में 'में' हैं। पर अंग्रेजी में at और in के भिन्न-भिन्न प्रयोग है। At और In दोनों 'समय' और 'स्थान' के लिए आते हैं। पहले स्थान को लीजिए। IN स्थान का विस्तार (extent) बतलाता है और at स्थान का बिंदु (point)। कल्पना कीजिए एक मैदान है, उसमें किसी स्थान पर एक लट्ठा गड़ा है। लट्ठे के निकट एक घोड़ा खड़ा है। आप कहते हैं-A horse is standing at a pole in the field. मैदान एक विस्तृत क्षेत्र है। उसके एक किसी बिंदु विशेष पर लट्ठा है। इसलिए हमने field के साथ in और pole के साथ at का प्रयोग किया। अब समय को लीजिए-Morning (प्रात:काल) कई घंटों का बना हुआ समय का एक विस्तार है। उसमें 6 बजे एक बिन्दु (Point of time). I have my breakfast at 7 O’clock in the morning. यहां morning समय का विस्तार है। इसलिए उसके साथ in और सात बजे समय का बिन्दु (point of time) है। इसलिए 7 O’clock के साथ at का प्रयोग हुआ। अब at और in के कुछ विशिष्ट (special) प्रयोग भी है, जिनकी चर्चा अलग की जाती है।
At
1. यह समय का बिन्दु (point) बतलाता है (न कि समय की अवधि या विस्तार, at 10 O’clock, at dinner, at midnight, at dusk, at daybreak, at dawn, at noon, at the meeting (लेकिन) in the morning, in the evening, in the afternoon)
2. At स्थान का बिन्दु बतलाता है न कि विस्तार। इस अवस्था में छोटे-छोटे शहरों, गांवों और किसी बड़ी जगह के अंग के साथ at का प्रयोग होता है। परन्तु देश, महादेश, बड़े-बड़े शहरों में in आता है। आप जिस स्थान पर हैं उसके साथ in और दूर की जगहों के लिए at आता है। जैसे- at Chapra, at a desk, परन्तु in Jaipur, in Chicago, in India, in the room, इत्यादि। I was educated at Rajasthan College in Jaipur.
3. At का प्रयोग अवस्था (State) बतलाने के लिए होता है। At war, at peace, at work, at school, at stake इत्यादि। My father is not at home. He is at work. Where is your brother? He is at school. India is not at war with Pakistan. My honour is at stake. There is a bird at the top of a tree.
4. At स्थिरता (rest) बतलाता है न कि गति The dog is at the door. The train is at the station.
5. At कहीं-कहीं गति (motion) भी बतलाता है। परन्तु क्रिया के फल की प्राप्ति अधूरी रहती है। The dog rushed at the cat. He struck at the boy. He shot at the bird. The boy snatched at the book.
6. At का प्रयोग 'भाव' (Price) तथा गति की मात्रा बतलाने के लिए होता है। Sugar is selling at two seers a rupee. He bought the book at a high price. The horse was running at full speed. He was walking at a slow place.
In
In यह बतलाता है कि किसी बड़ी वस्तु में कोई छोटी वस्तु स्थित है।
1. There are sixteen annas in a rupee. I am in the room. (But he is at the door). There are many countries in the world. There are many good houses in the town. There are many cows in the field.
2. In समय का विस्तार बतलाता है। In the morning; in the day (But at 12 O’clock, at noon), In January (But on the 15th), in childhood (But at the age of twelve), in old age, in youth.
3. In अवस्था (state) बतलाता है, जैसे-He was in bed. She was dressed in silk. She was in black. She was in tears. The tree was in leaf. The plant was in bud. The rose was in flower.
Note : अवस्था बतलाने के लिए कहां at और कहां in लगेगा, यह idioms पर निर्भर करता है।

Among and Amongst
दोनों का अर्थ 'बीच' में है। Fowler साहब दोनों के बीच में एक बात का भेद मानते हैं। यदि कोई शब्द Vowel से शुरू हो तो उसके पहले amongst का प्रयोग होता है। अन्य स्थानों में among होगा। हिन्दी भाषी विद्यार्थी प्राय: among के स्थान में in का प्रयोग कर डालते हैं। Gandhiji always moved among the poor. Shakespeare has a high place among the English poets. There are non amongst us that did not love Gandhiji.
जहां कहीं एक से अधिक वस्तुओं के साथ 'में' का प्रयोग हो वहां 'में' के लिए among देंगे। एक वस्तु के साथ 'में' हो तो वहां in आता है। There was a black sheep among white ones. Pt. Nehru was a prince among men. but There is a bird in the tree. There was a bird among the leaves.

Among and Between
दोनों का अर्थ हिन्दी में 'में' है। जब दो चीजें हों तो between और दो से अधिक चीजों में among आता है। जैसे-Distribute the mangoes among the twenty boys of the class. There was a dispute between the sun and the wind. There was a dispute among the four sons of the old man.

By, With and From
By का प्रयोग Passive Voice में Active के कर्त्ता के लिए होता है, The dog was beaten by Jack. The house was lighted by the servant. With का प्रयोग जिस 'यंत्र' से काम हो उसके साथ होता है। We see with our eyes. You write with a pen. He killed the snake with a stick.
‘From’ किसी एक वस्तु का दूसरे से वियोग (separation) बताता है। The man fell down from a tree. We take out butter from milk. We bring water from a well. हिन्दी में तीनों के लिए 'से' शब्द है।
इसके अलावा भी कई विशिष्ट प्रयोग हैं।
By
(a) यह निकटता बतलाता है। He sat by me
(b) इसका अर्थ pass (होकर) भी है। He went by me.
(c) यह साधन (means) भी बतलाता है। He sent the letter by post or by hand. He went by train, by rail, by sea, by land, by plane.
(d) यह कर्त्ता (agent) के साथ Active voice में भी आता है। There is a book by Shakespeare.
(e) By का अर्थ 'तक' (till) भी है। I shall have come back by Sunday.
With
(a) यह संगति (company) बतलाता है। He went with Jack.
(b) यह कर्त्ता के लिए भी आता है। I read with an old guru in my childhood.
(c) With कारण भी बतलाता है। I am tired with walking.
(d) With का अर्थ रहते हुए (in spite of) With all his faults, he is a good man.
From
(a) यह कारण (cause) बतलाता है। She died from wounds.
(b) यह उद्गम बतलाता है। Greed springs from wealth.

From, for and Since
हिन्दी में तीनों के लिए 'से' है। For समय की अवधि और since समय का बिन्दु (point of time) बतलाता है। दूसरे शब्दों में काम किस घंटे, दिन, वर्ष से शुरू हुआ इसे बतलाने के लिए since और काम कितने घंटे, दिनों और वर्षों तक हुआ इसको बतलाने के लिए for का प्रयोग होता है। Jack has been ill since Sunday last. He has been in service since 2004. He has been in service for three years.
‘From’ भी काल-बिन्दु (point of time) बतलाने वाला शब्द है, परंतु इसका प्रयोग सभी काल के लिए होता है। विशेषकर इसका प्रयोग to के साथ होता है। I was ill from Sunday to Thursday. I shall be out from the 10th to the 12th of January.
‘For’ कारण बतलाता है। He jumped for joy. 'लिए' अर्थ में यह व्यक्ति या वस्तु के लिए भी आता है। This is a book for you. This is a lamp for sale.

On, Over and Above
इसका अर्थ 'पर' है। अगर एक वस्तु दूसरे के ऊपर हो और एक-दूसरे को स्पर्श करे तो on आता है। एक वस्तु दूसरी वस्तु के ठीक ऊपर लम्ब रूप से हो तो ‘over’ आता है। एक वस्तु दूसरे के ऊपर हो, लेकिन पहली वस्तु के साथ लम्ब रूप से न हो तो Above आता है। You have a cap on your head. The sky is above our head. The plane flew over his head.
On का प्रयोग दिन तथा तिथियों के नाम के साथ आता है। I am going on 1st July. He is coming on Tuesday. ‘On’ फल भी बतलाता है। On enquiry, I learnt that you are guilty. ‘On’ अवस्था भी बतलाता है। This house is on sale. उसी प्रकार above का अर्थ 'पर' है। His character is above criticism (आलोचना) यहां beyond का प्रयोग भी हो सकता है। Over और Above का अर्थ more than (अधिक) भी है। She is over twenty. Above twenty boys were present.

In and Into
In स्थिरता (कर्त्ता की) तथा into किसी एक वस्तु में दूसरी वस्तु का प्रवेश (entrance) बतलाता है। कर्त्ता में गति, स्थान तथा रूप की परिवर्तन दोनों होने से into आता है। There are good books in our library. He is holding a pen in his hand. Jack walked into my room. Milk turns into curds. Water turns into ice. Night turns into day. He grew into a fine boy.
Note : अवस्था-परिवर्तन में into ही आता है। She grew into a sweet lady.

‘In’ and ‘After’
दोनों समय की सूचना देते हैं। दोनों का अर्थ 'में' है। In का प्रयोग भविष्यत् काल के लिए होता है तथा after का भूतकाल के लिए। He is going to Jalore in a week. He returned from Jaipur after a week. ‘is going’ भविष्यत् है अत: ‘in’ और returned भूतकाल है, अत: ‘after’ आया।
To
‘To’ दिशा (direction) बतलाता है। उसका प्रयोग गमनार्थक क्रिया (go, move, walk, come, drive, ride, rush) के साथ होता है। Jack walks to school every day. Michael ran to the spot. We drove to the station. स्मरण रहे कि You came near me. अशुद्ध है। Go क्रिया के साथ to लगाओ। ‘To’ फल भी बतलाता है। To our great surprise Jack was plucked in the examination. The army perished to a man.
Beside and Besides
Beside का अर्थ 'बगल में' है। परन्तु besides का अर्थ 'अतिरिक्त', 'इसके अलावा है। Jack sat beside me. I know English besides Hindi.

Besides and Except
Beside का अर्थ (साथ-ही-साथ, कुछ और) है। Except का अर्थ 'छोड़कर' है। जिस शब्द के पहले besides रहता है वह दूसरी वस्तु के साथ मिला लिया जाता है। Except जिसके पहले रहता है वह हटा लिया जाता है। All the boys besides Jack were punished. All theboys except Jack were punished. दोनों शब्दों के लिए हिदी में गोल-मटोल शब्द 'अतिरिक्त है।

Beneath, Below and Under
तीनों का अर्थ 'नीचे' है। तीनों के अर्थ में बहुत बारीक अंतर है जो प्रारंभिक विद्यार्थियों के लिए उपेक्षणीय है। हां, आपेक्षिक मापदंड (standard) से नीचे के लिए below का प्रयोग होता है। She sat under a tree. He was sleeping beneath the roof. He was below twenty. यहां निर्धारित उम्र 20 वर्ष है। उससे नीचे दिखलाने के लिए below आया।

‘Like’ and ‘As’
दोनों का अर्थ 'ऐसा' या 'जैसा' है, परंतु दोनों के प्रयोग में गहरा अंतर है। ‘As’ एक Conjunction है। इसके बाद Nominative case का Noun या Pronoun आता है। तब उसके बाद कोई Verb आता है। कहीं-कहीं Verb का लोप भी हो जाता है। परंतु ‘Like’ Preposition है। इसके बाद Objective case का Noun या Pronoun रहता है। उसके बाद Verb रखने की तो कोई गुंजाइश ही नहीं है। Jack cannot write as beautifully as I (can write). You cannot speak as fluently as he (can speak). You cannot play football as he (can play). She looks like her brother. Nehru spoke like an Englishman. You behave like a baby. Like का अर्थ similar to (समान) है। As का अर्थ है in the same way that (उस तरह, से जैसे) as के पहले कभी-कभी same या such भी रहता है।

Behind
‘Behind’ का अर्थ पीछे है। There is a tree behind my house. The dog stood behind the man.
‘Like’, ‘Near’, ‘Worth’
ये शब्द पहले विशेषण थे। अब ये preposition की तरह प्रयुक्त होते हैं। इसके बाद Objective Case लगता है। My house is near the station. He looked like a man. The scene was worth seeing.
Note–Worth के बाद Gerund आएगा न कि Infinitive जैसे-Jaipur is a city worth visiting (देखने योग्य). The mango is a fruit worth eating (खाने योग्य).
कुछ Participles अब Preposition हो गए हैं। वे हैं Regarding, Considering, Concerning इत्यादि।

Words taking two or more prepositions with different meanings
1. Accompany (by, with)–I was accompanied to the station by Rohan. (स्थूल व्यक्ति या वस्तु) His speech was accompanied with bow. (झुकना, सूक्ष्म पदार्थ)
2. Accountable (to, for)–We are accountable to God for our action. (उत्तरदायी)
3. Accord (to, with)–According to the law one man cannot kill another. (अनुसार) In accordance with the law of India the President is the supreme head of the government. (अनुसार)
4. Agree (to, with)–I agree with you. (मनुष्य) We agree to your proposal. (प्रस्ताव के लिए)
5. Angry (at, with, for)–I am angry with you. (मनुष्य) He is angry to your conduct. (वस्तु) He is angry with me for my remark. (कारण) उसी प्रकार annoyed, vexed, indignant, with a person or a thing.
6. Annoyed (with, at) (ऊबा हुआ)–I was annoyed with the boy (व्यक्ति) and still more at his carelessness. (वस्तु)
7. Answer (to, for)–A servant has to answer to his master for his work.
8. Appeal (to, for)–He appealed to the judge for his release from jail. (व्यक्ति और वस्तु)
9. Arrive (at, in)–The train arrived at the station. (छोटा स्थान) He arrived in India. (बड़ा स्थान-देश)
10. Attend (to, at, on)–You should attend to your lesson. (ध्यान देना) Your attendance at the meeting is essential. (उपस्थिति) He has two servants to attend on him. (सेवा करना)
11. Authority (on, over)–He is a good authority on that subject. (अधिकारी पुरुष) I have no authority over the committee. (अधिकार)
12. Beg (of, for)–I beg pardon of you for the delay.
13. Blessed (in, with) (भाग्यशाली)–He is blessed with good health and is blessed in children. (वस्तु, व्यक्ति)
14. Blind (of, to)–He is blind of one eye. (शारीरिक अंधता) A father is blind to the faults of his son. (मानसिक अंधता)
15. Blush (at, for)–She blushed at her praise. (सकुचा जाना) You must blush for your folly. (लज्जित होना, बुरे अर्थ में)
16. Burst (at, for)–He burst into anger. (क्रोधित हुआ) They army burst upon the city. (सहसा चढ़ाई करना)
17. Care (for, of)–He does not care for me at all. (चिंता करना) The care of the house rested with the mother. (रखवाली, देखभाल करना)
18. Careful (for, about)–He is careful about his mother. You are careful for your words.
19. Cause (of, for)–There was no cause for anxiety. What was the cause of his anxiety?
20. Change (for, into)–Give me changes for a rupee. (रेजगारी) Water changes into ice. (बदलना)
21. Claim (on, to)–I have claim on you. (व्यक्ति) He has a claim to our respect. (वस्तु)
22. Clothed (in, with)–The poor man was clothed in rags. (वस्तु के लिए) He was clothed with shame. (लज्जा के लिए)
23. Communicate (with, on, to)–He communicated with us on the matter. (लिखा-पढ़ी करना) He communicated his opinion to me.(भेजना)
24. Compare (with, to)–We may compare Akbar with Elizabeth. (समान जाति की वस्तु के लिए) Life is compared to a battle. (असमान जाति की वस्तुओं के लिए)
25. Compete (with, for) (होड़ लगाना)–Rohan competed with me for a prize. (व्यक्ति, वस्तु)
26. Complain (to, against, about) (नालिश करना)–Vikas complained to the teacher against Ajay about his mischief. (व्यक्ति, कारण)
27. Confer (with, about, on)–The President conferred the title of Bharat Ratna on him. (देना, व्यक्ति) I will confer with him about the matter.(राय देना)
28. Consist (of, in)–This house consists of five rooms. (बना हुआ) Your fault consists in telling lies. (होना, रहना)
29. Count (on, for)–This counted for nothing. (बिना मूल्य का होना) I very much count on your help. (भरोसा करना) मैं आपकी मदद का भरोसा करता हूं।
30. Deal (in, with)–Mittal deal in steal. (व्यापार करना) We should deal well with friends.(बर्ताव करना)
31. Die (of, from, by)–he died of fever. (रोग के लिए) He died from over-work.(अन्य कारण) He died by a sword or violence.
32. Differ (with, from)–I differ with you. (व्यक्ति) India differs from England. (वस्तु)
33. Disappointed (with, in)–The father was disappointed with him in his work. (व्यक्ति, वस्तु)
34. Disqualified (from for)–The boy was disqualified from competing. (क्रिया) He was disqualified for the post. (वस्तु) वह पद के लिए अयोग्य था।
35. Embark (on, in)–He embarked on board the ship. (सवार होना) He has embarked on business. (पूंजी लगाना) उसने व्यापार में पूंजी लगाई।
36. Entrust (with, to)–I cannot entrust my money to you. (वस्तु, व्यक्ति) I can entrust you with my money. (व्यक्ति, वस्तु)
37. Experience (in, of)–I had no experience of the new place. (वस्तु) I have a lot of experience in teaching. (काम)
38. Fail (at, of)–We failed at the examination. (काम) We failed of our purpose. (उद्देश्य)
39. Familiar (with, to)–I am familiar with Rajendra. (व्यक्ति) He is familiar to the subject.(वस्तु)
40. Feed (on, with)–The horse feeds on grass. (खाना) He feeds the horse with or on grass.(खिलाना)
41. Flight (with, for)–We fought with the English for freedom. (व्यक्ति, वस्तु)
42. Free (from, of, with)–He is free from pain. (रहित) He is free with his money. (उदार) The ship was free of the harbour. (बाहर)
43. Genius (in, for)–He is a genius in science. (प्रतिभाशाली व्यक्ति) He has genius for science. (प्रतिभा)
44. Glad (of, at)–I shall be glad at your help. (सहायता के लिए) He was glad to the result. (फल के लिए)
45. Grateful (to, for)–Rohan was grateful to me for my help. (व्यक्ति, वस्तु)
46. Heir (to, of)–He is the heir of a rich man. वह धनी आदमी का उत्तराधिकारी है। (व्यक्ति) He was heir to a big fortune.(वस्तु)
47. Indebted (to, for) (ऋणी)–I shall be indebted to you for your help. (व्यक्ति, वस्तु)
48. Indignant (with, at)–He was indignant with me. (व्यक्ति) He was indignant at my remark. (वस्तु)
49. Indulge (with, in) (लिप्त होना)–He indulges in wine. You indulge yourself with wine.
50. Influence (over, with)–He has no influence with me. (व्यक्ति) It will have no influence over the matter. (वस्तु)
51. Enquire (inquire) (into, about, of)–He enquired of me about the matter. (पूछताछ करना) I will enquire into the matter. (जांच करना) He inquired after my health. (स्वास्थ्य के लिए)
52. Invest (in, with)–I am invested with all powers. (देना) I invested my money in trade. (लगाना)
53. Join (in, to)–I joined in the game. (शामिल होना) I joined one leg of the chair to the other.(जोड़ना)
54. Labour (at, for, under)–He is labouring at Accountancy. (किसी विषय के लिए) I laboured for long under a wrong idea. (भ्रम में पड़ना) Gandhiji laboured for public good.(किसी काम के लिए परिश्रम करना)
55. Lean (to, against, on)–He leaned to one side. (झुकना) He leaned against a wall. He leaned on a staff. (छड़ी)
56. Liable (to, for)–Man is liable to error. मनुष्य बराबर गलती कर सकता है। He is liable for the payment of his father’s debt. (उत्तरदायी)
57. Live (on, within, by)–We should live by honest labour. हम लोगों को परिश्रम की कमाई खानी चाहिए। Man can live on milk diet. दूध खाकर मनुष्य जीवन-यापन कर सकता है। We should live within our income. हमें आमदनी के अंदर खर्च करना चाहिए।
58. Moved (to, at, by, with)–I was moved to tears. मैं रोने लगा। I was very much moved at the sight. मैं दृश्य देखकर प्रभावित हो गया। I was moved by your request. मैं तुम्हारी प्रार्थना से द्रवीभूत हो गया। I was moved with pity. मैं दयार्द्र हो गया।
59. Obliged (to, for)–I am obliged to you for your help.(कृतज्ञ)
60. Offended (with, at)–She was offended with me at my rough conduct. (दु:ख, व्यक्ति, वस्तु)
61. Part (from, with)–He cannot part with his money. (वस्तु) (विलग करना) He parted from his friends. (जुदा होना, विलग होना) (व्यक्ति)
62. Popular (with, for) (लोकप्रिय)–Gandhiji was popular with all for his honesty.
63. Possessed (of, with)–You are possessed of wealth. तुम सम्पति रखते हो। Your mind is possessed with a wrong idea. (तुम गलत धारणा के वशीभूत हो।)
64. Prevail (on, over)–He prevailed on me. (उसने मुझे राजी कर लिया) He prevailed over his enemy. उन्होंने शत्रु को हराया।
65. Pride (in, on)–He prides himself on his good health. (अभिमान करना) You have pride for wealth. (अभिमान) You are proud of your wealth. (अभिमानी) He takes pride in poetry.
66. Proceed (with, to, against, from)–He proceeded with the business. (उसने हाथ में लिए हुए काम को चालू रखा।) He proceeded to the business. (बिना चालू किए हुए काम के लिए चेष्टा करना) I will proceed against you. (मुकदमा करना) Poverty proceed from idleness. गरीबी आलस्य से उत्पन्न होती है।
67. Provide (for, against, with)–You must provide for your children. तुम्हें बच्चों के भरण-पोषण के लिए प्रबंध करना चाहिए। I was provided with all informations. सभी सूचनाएं मुझे दी गई। You must provide against future. तुम्हें भविष्य के लिए अवश्य कुछ बचाना चाहिए।
68. Quarrel (with, between, about)–I had no quarrel with him. There was no quarrel between me and Rohan. You need not quarrel about this little matter.
69. Quick (of, at)–He is quick of understanding. (वह प्रखर बुद्धि का है) You are quick at English. तुम अंग्रेजी में दक्ष हो।
70. Regard (for, to)–I have regard for Pt. Nehru. (सम्मान का भाव) He knows nothing with regard to that matter. (संबंध में)
71. Responsible (to, for)–We are responsible to God for our actions. (उत्तरदायी)
72. Result (from, in, of)–This is the result of poverty. (संज्ञा) Our slavery resulted in poverty. हमारी गुलामी ने गरीबी पैदा की। Poverty resulted from slavery. (गरीबी गुलामी से निकली)
73. Satisfied (of, with)–He was satisfied of the fact. उनकी बात से विश्वास हो गया। I am not satisfied with your work. मैं तुम्हारे काम से संतुष्ट नहीं हूं।
74. Search (for, after)–He is in search of work. वह काम की तलाश में है। We made a search after the lost wealth.(संज्ञा) He is searching for a job. (क्रिया)
75. Slave (of, to) (गुलाम)–He is a slave to a bad habit. He is the slave of a bad habit.
76. Speak (of, on)–He spoke of the matter. (हल्की चर्चा करना) He spoke on the matter. (विस्तार के साथ चर्चा करना)
77. Stick (at, to)–You stick to your opinion. (चिपकना) He stick at nothing. वह किसी चीज पर नहीं ठहरता।
78. Strike (at, for, on)–The boy struck at the dog. (मारने की चेष्टा की) The ship struck on a rock.(टकराना) The workmen struck for higher wages. (हड़ताल करना)
79. Supply (to, with)–He supplied water to the thirsty man. (पहले वस्तु तब व्यक्ति) He supplied the thirsty man with water. (पहले व्यक्ति तब वस्तु)
80. Taste (of, for)–Now you will have a taste of the new work. (अनुभव) I have a taste for poetry.(अभिरुचि)
81. Think (of, on)–He never thought of it. (सोचना) I thought on the subject. (गंभीर चिंतन)
82. Tired (of, with)–He is tired of poverty. (मानसिक थकावट) I was tired with the walk. (शारीरिक थकावट)
83. Touch (at, upon)–The train does not touch at all station. (ठहरना) The speaker touched upon the matter. (हल्की चर्चा करना)
84. Trust (in, to, with)–I trust in you. मैं आप पर विश्वास करना हूं। I can trust you with my money. मैं अपना रुपया आपके विश्वास पर दे सकता हूं। I can trust my money to you. वस्तु, व्यक्ति
85. Use (of, for)–You have no use for that. (तुम्हें उसकी आवश्यकता नहीं है।) What is the use of that?
86. Wait (for, on)–I shall wait for you at the station. (व्यक्ति, वस्तु) (इंतजार करना) There is no one to wait on him. (सेवा करना)
Note : ऊपर एक ही क्रिया या संज्ञा के साथ भिन्न-भिन्न Preposition आए हैं। उनको देखने से स्पष्ट है कि व्यक्ति (Person) के साथ with और वस्तु (thing) के साथ at लगता है। बहुत से ऐसे शब्द हैं जिनके Part of Speech बदलने से Preposition भी बदल जाता है। जैसे-Proud (Adj.) of Pride (N.) Pride (V.) in etc.

Appropriate Preposition :
1. Absorbed in (तल्लीन)–I was absorbed in study.
2. Abstain from (परहेज करना)–He abstained from food yesterday.
3. Acceed to (स्वीकार करना)–He acceeded to my request.
4. Access to (पहुंच)–It is hard to have access to a big man.
5. Accommodate to (अपने को परिस्थिति के अनुकूल बनाना)–He has accommodated himself to the new situation.
6. Active in (फुर्तीला)–He is active in work.
7. Add to (जोड़ना)–Add eight to ten.
8. Adhere, cling, stick to (चिपकना)–Gandhiji always adhered to his principles.
9. Admit of (गुंजाइश होना)–Your fault admits of no excuse.
10. Adorn, decorate with (अलंकृत करना)–His head was adorned with a crown. The room was decorated with flowers and coloured papers.
11. Afflicted at, with (दु:खी होना, पीड़ित होना)–I was afflicted at the news.
12. Alight from (उतरना)–He alighted from the horse.
13. Anxious for, about (चिंतित)–He is anxious about this success.
14. Apologise (to, for) (माफी मांगना)–I must apologise to you for the delay.
15. Apply (to, for) (दरखास्त देना)–He applied to the Director for a post.
16. Appoint to (बहाल करना)–He was appointed to the post.
17. Atone for (प्रायश्चित करना)–He atoned for the crime.
18. Back (up, out) (समर्थन करना, मुकरना)–He backed up his friend.
19. Bathe in (स्नान करना)–We bathed in a river. She was bathed in tears.
20. Bestow on (देना)–Mother bestowed blessings on me.
21. Beware of (सावधान होना)–Beware of bad company.
22. Bound to, with (बांधना)–He was bound to a pillar with chains.
23. Charge with (दोषी ठहराना)–He was charged with murder.
24. Compete with, for (स्पर्धा करना)–Jack competed with me for a prize.
25. Comply with (स्वीकार करना)–He complied with my request.
26. Concious of (जानकार)–I am conscious of my weaknesses.
27. Contrary to (विरुद्ध)–What you say in contrary to my wish.
28. Correspond with, about (लिखा-पढ़ी करना)–I will correspond with you about the matter.
29. Despair of (निराश होना)–We despaired of success.
30. Devoid of (वंचित होना)–The dead boy is devoid of sense.
31. Devote to (लगाना)–I devote my whole time to study.
32. Distinguish (भेद बतलाना)–A child cannot distinguish between right and wrong.
33. Eager for (उत्सुक)–He is eager for a prize.
34. Encroach on (अनुचित दखल देना)–You encroach on my time.
35. Endow with (देना)–God has endowed man with reason.
36. Equal to (बराबर)–This angle is equal to that.
37. Essential ‘to’ for (अत्यावश्यक)–Pure air is essential to health.
38. Exchange with, for (अदला-बदली करना)–I will exchange my book for yours.
39. Faith in (विश्वास)–I have firm faith in God.
40. Faithful to (उदार)–My servant is faithful to me.
41. Fall in, with, on (प्रेम में फंसना, स्वीकार करना, चढ़ाई करना)–The boy fell in love with a girl. I do not fall in with your view. The enemy fell on the fort.
42. Familiar with (परिचित)–He is familiar with me.
43. Feel for, in (दया आना)–I feel for you in your trouble.
44. Hanker after (लालायित होना)–Men hanker after fame.
45. Hinder from (रोकना)–He hindered me from going.
46. Inflict on (देना)–The teacher inflicted punishment on the boy.
47. Introduce to (परिचित करना)–I introduced Jack to the guest.
48. Lament for (अफसोस करना)–It is needless to lament for the dead.
49. Laugh at, for (हंसना)–I laughed at Michael for his folly.
50. Lead to (जाना)–This road leads to Jaipur.
51. Listen to, for (सुनना)–He listened to my advice. He listened for the train.
52. Meddle with (हस्तक्षेप करना)–Don’t meddle with my affairs.
53. Mourn for (शोक मनाना)–She is mourning for her dead husband.
54. Opposite to (आमने-सामने)–My house is just opposite to his shop.
55. Pity on (दया)–He showed pity on the poor.
56. Point at (इशारा करना)–He pointed at the boy.
57. Previous to (पहले)–I will pay your money previous to my departure.
58. Quarrel with, over (झगड़ा करना)–I quarrelled with Damien over the matte.
59. Reply to (जवाब देना)–He has not replied to my letter.
60. Rob of (लुटना)–The thief robbed the man of his money.
61. Sentenced to (दंड देना)–He was sentenced to death.
62. Show over (दिखलाना)–I showed the guest over the house.
63. Side with, in (पक्ष लेना)–I will side with you in the dispute.
64. Subscribe to (चंदा लेना)–He subscribed a lot of money to the fund.
65. Subsist on (रहना)–He subsists on scanty food.
66. Sympathise with, in (सहानुभूति दिखलाना)–I sympathise with you in your trouble.
67. Take after, to (मिलना-जुलना, ग्रहण करना)–The girl takes after her mother. The poor man took to begging.
68. Vote for, against (मत देना)–I voted for (or against) the Congress candidate.
69. Wait for, on, at (इंतजार करना)–I was waiting for you. A servant waited upon him. A waiter waited at the table.

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